Bioengineering

Ecologists need to understand wild animal behaviours in order to conserve species, but following animals around can be expensive, dangerous, or sometimes impossible in the case of animals that move underwater or into areas we can’t reach easily. Ecologists need to understand wild animal behaviours in order to conserve species, but following animals around can
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A University of Texas at Arlington aerospace engineer is teaming with industry partners to develop control systems for autonomous aerial vehicles that will increase their safety and detect structural issues. A University of Texas at Arlington aerospace engineer is teaming with industry partners to develop control systems for autonomous aerial vehicles that will increase their
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Recently, there has been growing demand for DeNOx catalysts that can treat nitrogen oxides (NOx) at low temperatures, to increase energy efficiency when processing flue gas in industrial combustion facilities. NOx are emitted during the combustion of fossil fuels and are the leading cause of ultrafine particles (UFPs) formed via chemical reactions in the atmosphere.
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The computational neuroscientist Professor Alexander Ecker from the University of Göttingen and the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS) has received a Starting Grant from the European Research Council (ERC). The ERC has awarded his project “Deep Neuron Embeddings: Data-driven multi-modal discovery of cell types in the neocortex” a total of 1.5 million
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Berkeley — An estimated 370,000 Californians rely on drinking water that may contain high levels of arsenic, nitrate or hexavalent chromium, and contaminated drinking water disproportionately impact communities of color in the state, finds a new analysis led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of California, Los Angeles. Credit: Photos
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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of tumor cells primarily responsible for tumor initiation, metastasis and therapy resistance. Many chemotherapies used to fight cancer fail to eliminate CSCs in part because of their high plasticity, a property used by CSCs to adapt, resist treatment and continue to spread. However, CSCs depend on mitochondrial respiration
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Severe and persistent disability often undermines the life-saving benefits of cancer treatment. Pain and fatigue — together with sensory, motor, and cognitive disorders — are chief among the constellation of side effects that occur with the platinum-based agents used widely in chemotherapy treatments worldwide. Severe and persistent disability often undermines the life-saving benefits of cancer
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Tsukuba, Japan – Light–matter interactions form the basis of many important technologies, including lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and atomic clocks. However, usual computational approaches for modeling such interactions have limited usefulness and capability. Now, researchers from Japan have developed a technique that overcomes these limitations. Tsukuba, Japan – Light–matter interactions form the basis of many
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The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. Credit: Photograph: Peter B. James (CC BY-SA 4.0). The BioScience Talks podcast features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. Natural resource managers worldwide face a growing challenge: Global change increasingly propels ecosystems on strong trajectories toward irreversible ecological transformations. As
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Leesburg, VA, January 5, 2022—According to an article in ARRS’ American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), brain volume measurements in memory-impaired patients show significant differences and systematic biases between conventional and ultrafast 3D T1-weighted (T1W) MRI sequences. Credit: American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS), American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) Leesburg, VA, January 5, 2022—According to an article
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Acquiring spatiotemporal patterns of phenological information and its drivers is essential for understanding the response of crops to climate change and implementing adaptation measures. Current approaches to obtain phenology and analyse its drivers include ground observation, remote sensing inversion and model simulation. However, these methods indeed have deficiencies, such as limited and sparse observations, excessive
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Tokyo, Japan – Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have discovered how the sponginess and stickiness of stem cell nuclei controls how they “differentiate” into specialized cells. They found that the nucleus starts solid-like but becomes more fluid-like over time. Less force is transmitted to its inner parts, leaving cells to commit to a certain differentiation
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A team led by Prof. HU Linhua at the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has recently developed a type of self-healing perovskite solar cell by functional combination of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). Related results were published in Journal of Energy Chemistry. A team led by Prof. HU Linhua at the Hefei Institutes of Physical
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A novel analysis of medical records for a racially diverse group of more than 6,000 women has added to evidence that some combination of biological, social and cultural factors — and not race alone — is likely responsible for higher rates of preeclampsia among Black women born in the United States compared with Black women
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